History

  History of Pyongyang  
 
Prehistoric Period - Tangun
 
 
Chinese Control - Han
 
 
Koguryo Kingdom
 
 
Subsequent Kingdoms
 
 
Modern History
 

  History of Pyongyang:  
 
  Prehistoric Period - Tangun: According to various records Pyongyang was established as far back as 5,000 years ago during the time of the legendary ancestor of the Korean people, Tangun Wanggom. Tangun is said to have been the offspring (in 2,333 BC) of a god and a bear turned woman on a diet of garlic and cloves and no sunlight for 100 days. Tangun is said to have begun the Choson kingdom, meaning “morning freshness,” that lasted for over 1,500 years with its capital in Pyongyang.
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  Chinese Control - Han: Later the Chinese during the Han Dynasty in 109 BC were able to conquer most of the Korean peninsula and set up four military commanderies to govern the peninsula. The largest commandery, Lo-Lang, was in Pyongyang.
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  Koguryo Kingdom: As Chinese strength faded over time the Koguryo kingdom, one of the Three Kingdoms of the time, rose up in the northern area of Korea and was able to throw the Chinese out while still keeping the capital in Pyongyang. Subsequent kingdoms saw the capital move to Gyeongju (Kyongju) under the Shilla kingdom, then to Kaesong under the Koryo, and finally to Seoul under the final Chosen kingdom.
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  Subsequent Kingdoms: Subsequent kingdoms saw the capital move to Gyeongju (Kyongju) under the Shilla kingdom, then to Kaesong under the Koryo, and finally to Seoul under the final Chosen kingdom.
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  Modern History: This history is important in understanding the North Korean government’s position that Pyongyang, controlled by it, is the historically legitimate capital of all of Korea, even though Seoul was the capital of Korea from approximately 1392 AD, the beginning of the last kingdom, the Chosen, through until 1945. Coincidentally in the early 1990s the North Korean government believed it found the actual tomb of Tangun and his family in the Pyongyang suburbs and have “restored” his tomb, further adding to their claims of legitimacy.
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